Isaac Newton was born in a small village in Lincolnshire, England on January 4, 1643.
His father died three months before he was born. He was a premature baby and was very thin at birth. When Newton was three years old, his mother remarried. Newton didn’t like his stepfather and had some hostility to his mother because of her remarriage.
In 1648, six-year-old Newton was sent to study. At this time, Newton’s grades were average, but he liked to read books introducing various mechanical model making methods, and did it himself, such as windmills, wooden clocks and some strange gadgets.
In 1654, at the age of 12, Newton entered the king’s Royal middle school. Because he was far from home, he once boarded at the home of a pharmacist, which influenced him by chemical experiments.
Newton’s mother wanted him to be a farmer, but Newton didn’t mean it. He loved reading and liked thinking and doing small experiments more and more as he grew older.
Newton in high school had revealed his extraordinary genius. At this time, he was outstanding in learning, loved reading and had a strong curiosity about natural phenomena.
Later, due to life difficulties, his mother let Newton drop out of school to work as a household farmer, but Newton buried himself in reading as soon as he had a chance and often left farming behind. Fortunately, the principal of kinggs Royal middle school persuaded Newton’s mother to let Newton finish his middle school smoothly.
The key to exploring the mysteries of nature
On June 3, 1661, Newton entered Trinity College of Cambridge University. Newton received his degree in 1665.
The turning point of his life occurred in the 18 months from 1665 to 1667, which was a miracle year in the history of world science.
At that time, there was a great plague in London. In order to prevent the temporary closure of the university campus, Newton returned home and continued to study calculus, optics and gravitation. It was during this period that Newton made almost all the important scientific contributions of his life and laid an important foundation for the three university subjects of mathematics, mechanics and optics.
From 1665 to 1666, Newton began to consider the law of gravitation. He did think of gravitation because of a falling apple in the garden, but he was not hit by a falling apple.
In 1666, Newton studied sunlight with a prism and devoted himself to the study of the phenomenon of color and the nature of light.
Newton, who returned to Cambridge in 1669, was soon awarded the seat of Lucas professor of mathematics.
In 1672, Newton created the reflection telescope and explained various phenomena of tides with the principle of universal gravitation.
In 1679, Newton continued his research on mechanics, and finally expounded the three laws of motion (Newton’s three laws) which were regarded as truth in the following 200 years in the mathematical principles of natural philosophy in 1687, and defined the law of universal gravitation. Because of the book’s achievements, Newton received international recognition and won a large group of supporters.
Newton unified the mechanics of objects on the earth and celestial mechanics into a basic mechanical system, established the theoretical system of classical mechanics, and realized the first great unity of natural science. This is a leap in human understanding of nature.
Newton created calculus in order to solve the problem of motion, which provided the most effective tool for the development of modern science and opened up a new era in mathematics. The emergence of calculus promoted the development of theoretical physics.
In 1689, Newton became a member of the Royal Academy of Sciences. In 1703, he became president of the Royal Society and served for 24 years.
In 1704, Newton wrote optics, which systematically expounded his research achievements in optics, including the particle theory of light.
In 1727, Newton, nearly 85, died and was buried in Westminster Abbey.
Newton published only 16% of all his works on Science in his life, and the rest were unpublished theological works. It can be seen that he studied the Bible far more than science. He was obsessed with alchemy, devoted a large part of his life to alchemy, and left a large number of diaries and manuscripts. He spent the rest of his life searching for the biblical code until the day of his death.
How good was Newton
Newton made outstanding achievements in mathematics, optics, physics, astronomy, theology, thermodynamics, hydrodynamics, chemistry, acoustics, economics and finance. He is an encyclopedic genius with an IQ of 290 and has never been married in his life.
How important was Newton?
Alexander, an English poet, wrote him a famous epitaph:
“Nature and the laws of nature are hidden in the vast dark night. God said: Let Newton be born! Then, there is light.”
Before Newton, man was a species that ate on the face of God and survived under the force of nature.
But Newton said: the fruit falling from the tree, the tide by the sea, the earth and the moon, everything is in order and in line with these laws I found.
In the hundreds of years after Newton’s birth, people’s lifestyle has undergone earth shaking changes, which are based on Newton’s theory and discovery. He showed latecomers that the exploration of laws can help human beings control nature.
Although Newton was not a noble, he was the first man to get the Jazz title as a scientist and the first natural scientist to get a state funeral. At his funeral, thousands of citizens saw him off. The coffins were carried by two dukes, three earls and a justice.

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